The breast tumor in dogs and cats is a pathology that, as in the human, should try prevented and treated urgently, given the risks they pose to animals malignancy.
In any case, there are different treatment possibilities so that our beloved pets can recover or pass the disease with quality of life.
Characteristics of mammary tumors in dogs and cats
A tumor is defined as any abnormal enlargement of a part of the body. The indiscriminate increase of cells then forms a lump that can be benign or malignant. In the latter case, it is cancer.
There are breeds of dogs that are more predisposed to develop Qtumors, including mammary, which represent 42% of all neoplasms in canines.
Cats, meanwhile, suffer to a lesser extent this pathology (17% of neoplasms). However, feline breast tumors are more aggressive: 90% are malignant.
On the other hand, only a percentage of between 35 and 50 of the mammary tumors in dogs shows malignancy.
In addition, it is a pathology that is not exclusive to females. Males can also suffer from it, although to a lesser extent but with a worse prognosis.
Some measures to prevent breast tumor in dogs and cats
Preventing, above all, is the rule in many orders of life. In the case of pets and this type of tumors, it is advisable to:
Castrate at an early age
If the animals are not destined for reproduction, the sooner they are sterilized, the better, since the hormonal stimulation favors the development of tumors. He thinks that a female, with her jealousy and psychological pregnancies at a cost, can fall prey to this pathology between 7 and 9 years old.
Check the animal constantly
As a game or caress it is a good idea to palpate it periodically – breasts and armpits – to notice any abnormality that requires an urgent consultation with the veterinarian. It is important that the review be daily because some tumors grow very quickly.
Take your pet to the veterinarian frequently
A correct routine check should include a thorough breast exam to rule out the existence of this pathology.
In advanced cases that have not been detected, the consultation can be reached because the animal presents’ abdication (lameness) or dyspnea (difficulty breathing) because of lung metastasis since the tumor cells move through blood or lymph.
How to deal with the treatment of this medical condition
The treatments that can be applied to the breast tumor in dogs and cats are surgical, ontological, or a combination of both. The specialist will decide which is the best option according to the type of neoplasia and the stage in which it is.
Surgeries, in some cases, only reduce the size of the tumor but do not remove it completely. For this reason, tumor cells will continue to replicate. There is a risk that the affected area will be injured, infected or even agusane.
It has been shown that the use of chemotherapy is effective in prolonging disease-free or survival time. In addition, pets do not usually observe the side effects that this treatment causes in people (hair loss, frequent vomiting, and diarrhea, skin rashes, etc.).
Even in cases of pulmonary metastasis, with proper treatment, it can prevent the disease from progressing and prolong the survival of the affected animals.
Dog breeds with a greater predisposition to breast tumor
Among the breeds of dogs that are more predisposed to develop this disease, are:
- Boston Terrier
- Fox terrier
- Airedale Terrier
- Golden retriever
- Cocker spaniel
Quality of life for the sick pet
Remember the importance of periodically reviewing your pet to ensure early detection of this disease and to face effective treatment.
Also, keep in mind that the diagnosis of cancer does not have to be taken as a death sentence for pets.
In oncology, the effectiveness of the treatments used is measured by disease-free time, survival and quality of life.
And, without a doubt, the love we must show our pets is a fundamental part of that quality of life.