Know the Most Frequent Eye Diseases in Dogs


In general, caring for dogs’ eyes is relatively simple. However, there are eye diseases that are more frequent. It is good that you have some information at hand, it is always better to be aware of any changes in the health of our pet.

You should keep in mind that, in addition to congenital problems, there are situations such as bumps, lack of hygiene or contact with bacteria, which end up causing ophthalmologist diseases. The most curious thing is that they are also common diseases in humans. Let’s review some of these:


Conjunctivitis occurs in dogs as a secondary symptom of a virus present in your body and is characterized by redness in the eye, accompanied by a tear. This disease causes them discomfort, therefore the affected eye tends to remain semi-closed.

Another characteristic symptom of conjunctivitis is the appearance of green, white or yellowish elegance in abundance, which must be cleaned so that they do not generate additional pain to the dog when it gets into the eyes. They may experience additional sensitivity to light, whether of natural or artificial origin.

As soon as these symptoms are detected, it is advisable to take the dog to the veterinarian to prevent the problem from becoming chronic and to identify the specific virus that is generating conjunctivitis. In this way, you can make early detection of diseases that can put your dog’s life at risk.


The falls are the main reason for blindness in dogs. It is a kind of opacity in the iris of dogs, which occurs in most cases by inheritance. It can occur approximately six years in large and giant dogs, and nine years in medium and small dogs.

In case the cataract is not treated, it will mature until it becomes a kind of white cloth that will end up impeding the vision of the dog in a total or partial way.

In addition to the hereditary nature or age, cataracts may occur after severe blows to the eye or as a symptom of diabetes in the dog.

The only known treatment for cataracts is to surgically remove the opaque lens from the dog’s eye.


Also called ocular hypertension. It corresponds to an increase in blood pressure inside the eye, which ends up deteriorating the nerve and retina. If left untreated, this disease will cause the dog’s vision to decrease until total blindness is produced in the affected eye.

Glaucoma usually occurs when there is some other medical condition suffered by the pet resulting in changes in blood pressure, therefore, it reflects a greater evil problem.

Glaucoma is manifested by a very obvious inflammation of the eye, which will turn blue in the cornea as the problem progresses. It is vitally important to go to the vet quickly because glaucoma causes irreversible damage 24 hours after the inflammation has occurred.

Additional recommendations

  • For the three cases presented above, the treatment must be veterinary and for no reason provide any kind of treatment to the dog that has not been prescribed by the veterinarian.
  • Cleaning is essential to ensure visual health, so you should make this a habit. Especially, to clean the dirt that has in the fur or the leganas that can leave him.
  • Understand your dog’s body language, if you see that he rubs his eyes with his legs or against objects, or if he has them semi-closed, it is most likely that dust or hairs have fallen on them.
  • Constant tearing can be a sign that you have dirt in your eyes or disease, so you should pay attention to it.
  • Visit your veterinarian frequently, it is recommended to do it once every six months in case your dog is healthy. Keep in mind that prevention is always better than cure.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back To Top