The statistics do not lie, and something that ends up worsening the landscape of the hundreds of thousands of pets abandoned last year is that only 44% of dogs and cats collected in protectors have been adopted, at least in the case of Spain.
The saddest thing about these cases is that many of these animals, if not all, ended up in the street for avoidable reasons.
Making a bad decision when adopting or buying a pet ends up becoming a real tragedy for the animal. This is because of the main causes of abandonment is the lack of resources, unexpected births and behavioral problems that the animal has.
However, before delving into the lack of awareness about adoption, it is good to evaluate the main cause of why many pets end up on the street:
Lack of awareness about the responsibility involved
The lack of awareness about the responsibility of acquiring a pet is the main cause of abandonment. Many people are not aware of the amount of work involved in having a companion animal, especially with regard to maintenance, education, and care.
Therefore, they end up dealing with incidents related to damages that the animal does inside the home, that does not know where to do its needs, or that makes too much noise, among the other number of behavioral problems that are easily avoidable or correctable. Only the pet should spend a little time.
According to a study conducted by the Affinity Foundation, approximately half of the dogs (43%) and a similar percentage of the cats (40%) arrived at a specific home as a gift.
Something that must be kept in mind is that it is easier for an animal to end up being abandoned when the person or the home that receives it did not make the decision to take responsibility for it in the first place, therefore there is an important effort on the part of the protectors to discourage this practice.
Animal adoption percentage
It is estimated that the number of animals rescued during 2014 was around 140,000 animals. Of these, about 106 781 were dogs and 33 410 cats.
An index that corresponds to almost 1% of the total rescued animals corresponded to exotic animals such as reptiles, primates or birds.
Of the total number of animals collected by the protectors, about 17% were returned to their caretaker, as he had a microchip. In the case of dogs, this has been especially successful, since approximately 30% of the dogs had microchips. Quite the opposite occurs with cats, as the estimate barely reaches 3%.
The correct identification of the pet is vital, as this strategy not only helps to return them in case they have been lost but also reduces dropouts.
Unfortunately, of the animals rescued last year, 16% are still living in the shelters, or have traveled from shelter to shelter in search of a home to adopt them.
Equally, unfortunate is that 12% of pets collected last year were slaughtered, whether they suffer from illness, suffering from aggression, extreme nervousness or other kinds of behavioral problems that prevented their adoption or (in the most alarming case) being evicted by taking a long time in the protective.
Therefore, only 44% of the dogs and cats collected in protectors have been adopted in Spain, in relation to the animals that were rescued from the street.
Why don’t people adopt
This is very relative. However, there are several common factors in pet adoption processes:
- Many people still have a preference for breed animals, therefore they will have a better chance of being adopted than mestizos.
- There is a great predilection for adopting puppies, being in all statistics older animals who are less likely to find a home.
- There is a false belief that animals that have been stray have bad habits that cannot be changed.
- Fear that animals that come from shelters are carriers of diseases that endanger the health of the caretaker or his other pets.