Vaccination is possibly one of the main responsibilities that a caregiver acquires when adopting or buying a pet. However, sometimes difficulties arise when there is not much clarity about the guidelines or the vaccination schedule for dogs.
We tell you a little about this important aspect.
Why vaccinate a dog?
Vaccination is important because it corresponds to the process of immunization of the pet. This prevents the spread of many diseases caused by viruses that put the health and quality of life of the pet at risk.
However, something that must be kept in mind is that the guidelines and the vaccination schedule should be given by the veterinarian, as these vary depending on aspects such as the size and breed of the dog, the age at which the process begins or the place where the dog lives, among others.
What should I keep in mind before vaccinating my dog?
- Before starting vaccination in a dog, it must be dewormed. This is done in order to ensure that there will be no factors that weaken the dog’s organism so that it can better assimilate the vaccine.
- Vaccination should be initiated, as indicated by the veterinarian, between one and a half months and two months of the dog’s life.
- In the event that you adopt an adult dog and do not know its origin, or if it has been street, you should consult with the veterinarian to know what process to follow and not to join it with other animals until it says otherwise.
- Unvaccinated puppies should not take a walk or socialize with other animals. Although their mother immunizes them through breast milk, they are vulnerable to acquiring diseases that in many cases can lead to the death of the puppy.
Remember that you should not socialize until you have completely finished your vaccination schedule.
- To design an appropriate vaccination schedule, the mother’s veterinary history is usually kept in mind.
- The presence of viruses in certain areas affects the decision on the vaccination schedule of the dog.
Due to the factors presented above, the vaccination tables of dogs change depending on the case or, although there are some general examples that have few variants. Here is a general picture:
- At six weeks it usually begins with the Triple canine, which protects them against infectious hepatitis, distemper (distemper) and leptospirosis.
- At eight weeks, the parvovirus vaccine is carried out, which is one of the main causes of death in unvaccinated puppies.
- At 10 weeks of life (that is, at 4 of the first dose) the Triple canine reinforcement should be carried out.
- At 12 weeks of life (also at 4 at the first dose), the parvovirus vaccine booster should be applied.
- To end the initial vaccination schedule, the rabies vaccine is applied at 16 weeks of the puppy’s life.
- Similarly, keep in mind that you should continue to take your dog to the veterinarian to apply reinforcements annually, in addition to performing general check-ups, at least once every six months.
Keep in mind that being vaccinated does not exempt you from 100% suffering from the disease, therefore it is better to protect it from things like letting it smell or interact with feces or blood of dogs that you do not know.
Also, do not expose it to contact with pets that you know are infected with any of these diseases.
While it is not good or advisable to isolate it if it is wise to talk with the caregivers of other dogs with what your pet has contact, know if they are vaccinated and the type of diseases that have had, although of course, all within the parameters of cordiality, kindness, and respect.